General Data

• Location: The department of Lambayeque is located in the northern part of the country.

• Area: 14 213 km2

• Capital: Chiclayo (29 masl)

• Altitude: 4 masl (Pimentel) Lowest town. 3 078 masl (Incahuasi) highest town.

• Average annual temperature: 22º C (33º C maximum and 17º C minimum).

• Rainy season: February to April.

Access Routes

• By land: Lima - Chiclayo (770 km), about 10 hours’ drive on the North Pan-American Highway.

• By air: There are daily flights from Lima (about one hour).

Historical Overview

Numerous pre-Hispanic cultures developed in the region. In 1 987, a team of archaeologists discovered the famous royal tombs of Sipán, where important personages from the Mochica culture were buried. This culture dominated the region between the first and seventh Century AD. The area received strong influence from the peoples from the coastal zone. From the mingling of these peoples and the Mochicas, the Sicán or Lambayeque culture was born (approximately between the seventh and tenth century AD). The origin of Sicán culture is attributed to Naylamp. Today, Chiclayo is an important commercial center in northern Peru, the crossroads of the northern coastal, highland and jungle cities.

Attraction in the city

The Cathedral
Located in Chiclayo’s Main Square. Visits: during Mass hours. This Neoclassic temple dates from the year 1 869. Its façade consists of two bodies supported by doric columms in front of three entrance arches. The interior consists of three naves featuring the wooden sculpture of the Poor Christ.

Chiclayo Town Hall
Calle San José 823. This elegant, modern building (1 919) cost more than 30 thousand gold pounds. Its style is Republican with large windows and cast iron doors.

La Verónica Chapel
Calle Torres Paz 294, Chiclayo. Visits: during Mass hours. Built in the late nineteenth century and declared national historical monument, its main altar and adjacent altarpiece are gilded in silver and gold leaf.

Plazuela Elías Aguirre
Corner of calle Elías Aguirre and calle San José. Peruvian sculptor David Lozano designed this small square which was built in 1 924 in honor of Commander Elías Aguirre, a local hero who fought in the Battle of Angamos (1 879).

Outskirts of the city

Lambayeque
12 km northeast from the city of Chiclayo. Located approximately 10 minutes from Chiclayo, it was here that the first outcry for independence was heard on December 27th, 1 820 and this is why this city is called the Cradle of Liberty in Peru. Lambayeque displays very well preserved Colonial mansions such as Casa Cúneo and Casa Descalzi. Casa de la Logia also stands out for its delicately carved wooden balcony of more than 400 years, considered the longest in Peru (67 m). The mansion is located at the corner of calle Dos de Mayo and calle San Martín. Other places of interest include the San Pedro Church which dates from the sixteenth century and the Pedro Ruiz Gallo National University campus.

Pimentel
Located 11 km west of Chiclayo and about 25 minutes bus ride, this modern and attractive resort offers the possibility to practice sports activities such as surfing or Maui surf boarding. Visitors can see ancient fishing techniques on totora reed rafts known as Caballitos de Totora (*). (*) Caballitos de Totora: Artisanal totora reed rafts from Mochica times used by fishermen to fish in the sea. Two types of fishing is practiced: one using bait (individual fishing) and another using a fishnet (requiring two men).

Brüning National Archaeological Museum
Av. Huamachuco, seventh block, Lambayeque. Open Mon-Fri: 9:00-17:30. Located about 10 minutes’ bus ride from Chiclayo, this is one of the most important museums in the northern part of the country. It houses the collection of archaeological objects gathered by German ethnographer Enrique Brüning. This modern, four-story building houses valuable gold, silver and copper artifacts from the various cultures that flourished in the region more than 4 000 thousand years ago. Its gold room contains one of the most important collections of gold and silver work, including the pieces found in the tomb of the Lord of Sipán.

Zaña
Located 46 km south-east of Chiclayo and about one-and-a-half h bus ride. Here there are the remains of once an opulent Colonial city founded in 1 563 and which history is full of anecdotal episodes such as the raid by pirate Edward Davis, who loothed the city in 1 686.

Monsefú
Located 14 km from Chiclayo and about 15 minutes bus ride, Monsefú is famous for its prestigious reed and cotton handicrafts including hats, knapsacks, cloaks and ponchos. These products are exhibited and sold in the handicrafts market located in the 2nd and 3rd blocks of Av. Venezuela.

Eten
Located 22,4 km from Chiclayo and about 25 minutes bus ride, this city is known for its reed weaving. Legend tells that Baby Jesus appeared on the monstrance of the Temple of Eten in 1 649.

Ferreñafe
This rice farming city founded by the Spaniards is located 18 km southeast of Chiclayo and about 30 minutes bus ride. Its attractions include the remarkable old Baroque Church of Santa Lucía. Here the Sicán National Archaeological Museum (House of the Moon) is being built.

Huaca Rajada Archaeological
Complex Located 29 km southeast of the city of Chiclayo. Visits: Monday to Sunday 9:00-17:00. The complex is located within the limits of the former Hacienda Pomalca, 2 km from the town of Sipán and about 1 h bus ride. Huaca Rajada comprises two huge pyramids made of adobe mud in front of which there is a platform which is thought to have contained the royal mausoleum. The intact remains of an important Mochica ruler known as the Lord of Sipán were discovered here in 1 987.

Batán Grande Reserved Zone
Located 40 km southwest of the city of Chiclayo, Ferreñafe. About 1 h drive. The reserve covers 46 km2 and comprises 20 pre-Inca structures including, among others, Las Ventanas (where the Gold Tumi was extracted), La Mayanga, Lucía, La Merced, Cholope and Rodillona. This was the site of the Sicán culture (House of the Moon).

Túcume Archaeological
Complex Located 1 km east of the town of Túcume, Lambayeque. Visits: Monday to Sunday 8:00-17:00. This complex is located 35 km north of Chiclayo and 2 km from the town of, about 30 minutes drive on public transportation. The complex comprises 26 pyramids. Their origin date back to 700 AD and according to the legend, its founder would be Collac, a descendant from Naylamp. The Huacas of El Pueblo, La Raya, El Sol and Las Estacas stand out in the near area. Túcume is also known as the Valley of Pyramids. There are programs that allow visitors to enjoy the archaeological zones as well as nature, folk medicine and cultural exchange. The community of Túcume takes an active role in the conservation of its natural and cultural heritage. Within the scope of the Interactive Tourism Project, PromPerú sponsors the development of certain programs such as: * Archaeology and Nature in Túcume, a program that allows a better knowledge of the local culture and its manifestations such as gastronomy, handicrafts and traditional medicine, walks and horseback rides to archaeological zones and the carob-tree woodlands of Batán Grande.

Information:
Túcume On-site Museum and/or Casa Naylamp.
Av. Federico Villareal 152, Túcume.
E-mail: info@ecstravel.com

Folklore

Famous for its lively dances, such as Marinera and Tondero. Folk medicine using herbs and other products, and magical rites are widely practiced. Cock fights gather numerous aficionados at family meetings and festivities. The presentation of experts chalanes riding gait horses is a traditional scene.

Gastronomy

The typical dishes include:

• Cebiche (fish filet cut in chunks and marinated in lemon juice, onions and chili).

• Tortilla de raya (egg omelette made with dried, soaked ray).

• Chinguirito (cebiche based on dry and salted guitarfish flesh).

• Seco de cabrito con frijoles (casserole based on tender kid marinated in chicha de jora and vinegar with beans seasoned with onions and garlic).

• Arroz con pato a la chiclayana (tender duck meat cooked in black beer, mint and cilantro).

• Mala rabia (green banana purée seasoned with chili, onion, pepper and paprika, and chicha or vinegar).

The typical desserts include:

• King-kong (layer-pastry with milk, pineapple and peanut jam filling).

• Stuffed dates.

• Quince jelly.

• Fig preserves.


Festivals

The Sacred Cross of Chalpón. (February and August) Very popular religious festivity in northern Peru. The Cross of Chalpón which appeared in the year 1 868, is venerated in the province of Motupe. Large numbers of devotees from different places both from Peru and abroad gather here during the festivity, making it one of the deepest expressions of religious fervor.

Services

• Airport

• Land Transport

• Railroad Transport

• Health Centers

• Police Stations

• Handicrafts Markets

• Post Office